In water management and quality our strategy has been to provide underpinning experimental and computational research to improve government policy and engineering decision making of direct relevance to climate change and mitigating natural disasters. In parallel with this we aim to develop novel technologies for sanitation and the removal of contaminants from water.
In Water Management, building on his leadership of the Flood Risk Management Research Consortium (FRMRC), ERPE Academics Professor Gary Pender and Dr Grant Wright continue to work on flood inundation modelling. Inundation Model Benchmarking (Environment Agency (EA) SC120002) has had worldwide impact with contributions from 14 commercial organisations in the UK, France, Denmark, Netherlands, Australia, and the USA. The research is being used by the US Corps of Engineers to inform their choice of modelling software for flood management decision making. Also funded through the FRMRC and the EU (J 35-2-17-08), Dr Scott Arthur has delivered a step-change in understanding debris blockage of culverts. Haynes’ involvement in new flood research consortia and a Network Grant awarded to Professor Gary Pender ensure the continuation of this research area in collaboration with the EA, SEPA, ARUP, HR Wallingford, and CH2M Hill.
With support from RAEng and the Chinese NSF, Pender and Cao developed modelling techniques to address major challenges posed by natural disasters and climate change, including:
- development of a practical physically based technique to provide flood warning at catchment scale
- state-of-the-art sediment transport simulation to predict flooding following erosion of the a landslide dam created by the Wenchuan earthquake in 2008
- an assessment of the flushing capacity of turbidity currents in the Xiaolangdi Reservoir for the Yellow River Water Authority
With the support of NERC and the Ministry of Earth Sciences (MOES) India, Adeloye has extended his research in water resources to the Indian sub-continent, where he collaborates with Cranfield University and IIT Roorkee to develop water management procedures supporting appropriate irrigation practice considering climate change. This complements Beevers’ work on valuing of eco-systems services which provides an economic decision support framework to balance competing demands of water users and the environment.
In Water Quality, building on EPSRC EP/D027969 Jack and Gormley have developed the Dyteqta™ device that identifies the location of defective appliance trap-seals within building drainage networks.
Antizar-Ladislao has performed award winning research in the development of water and wastewater treatment technologies for emerging contaminants (UKERI, EPSRC/Scottish Water) under contrasting conditions (STFC) and sustainability of water supply; these resulted in UK Water Engineering Awards (2010, 2013).
Torero’s work on use of smouldering combustion for self-sustained treatment for active remediation (STAR) of subsurface pollutants has been patented in USA, China, Japan, and Australia, and exclusively licensed to Geosyntec, Canada who have undertaken large-scale field trials with ERPE support for DuPont (USA) and Imperial Oil (Canada). Torero’s work has also been applied to remediation of human waste streams (Gates Foundation, University of Toronto).